Foreign government procurement is worth hundreds of billions of dollars a year and offers significant potential opportunities for Canadian exporters. Public procurement obligations in international trade agreements help ensure that Canadian suppliers of goods and services are treated in an open, transparent and non-discriminatory manner when selling to governments outside Canada. In addition to suppliers, open public procurement benefits governments and taxpayers by increasing competition, expanding the choice of available goods and services and, importantly, reducing costs. The current signatories to this agreement (april 2014) are: Canada, Chinese Taipei, the European Union – whose member states are Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands (including Aruba), Poland, Portugal, Slovakia , Slovenia, Sweden and the United Kingdom – Hong Kong, Iceland, South Korea, Liechtenstein, Singapore, Switzerland and the United States. Any other WTO member government may accede to this agreement on terms agreed by that government and the current signatories. In order to ensure open, fair and transparent conditions of competition in public procurement, a number of WTO members negotiated the Public Procurement Agreement (GPA). Many buying opportunities are also published electronically. As a result, the first Tokyo Round Code on Government Procurement was signed in 1979 and came into force in 1981. It was amended in 1987 and the amendment came into force in 1988. The parties to the agreement then negotiated the extension of the scope and scope of the agreement, in parallel with the Uruguay Round. Finally, on 15 April 1994, a new public procurement agreement (GPA 1994) was signed in Marrakech at the same time as the WTO agreement, which came into force on 1 January 1996.
The GPA contains a number of provisions to ensure that tendering procedures for public procurement are transparent, effective and fair in the signatory countries. The signatories agreed that the signatories of the GPA will be required to publish summary opinions on the potential for purchasing contracts covered by the agreement. Each member has identified publications in which these sales opportunities are displayed. Publications are listed in Appendix II (local link). The Public Procurement Agreement (GPA) is a multi-lateral agreement, under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which governs the purchase of goods and services by the public authorities of the contracting parties, based on the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination.