Stockholm Agreement Yemen Upsc

www.thehindu.com/news/international/saudi-led-ceasefire-in-yemens-long-war-begins/article31302944.ece As the crisis group has already said, the EU and Oman have good contacts with the Houthis and Iran has repeatedly proposed to mediate in Yemen. Now would be a good moment for Tehran to prove its willingness and ability to convince the Huthis to engage constructively on Hodeida, first and foremost by allowing Cammaert`s team freedom of movement in the territory they hold and by encouraging quick, meaningful and `berifiable redeployment from the three ports. Brussels and Muscat can also help by caring for the Houthis in Sanaa and abroad, expressing support for redeployments and making it clear that their patience is waning. During his recent trip to Sanaa, Griffiths urged rebel leader Abdel-Malek al-Huthi to reaffirm his commitment to the agreement, including redistribution. While Cammaert awaits technical details, such pressure will continue on the Houthis, government and coalition representatives to live up to their commitments. The United Nations and the wider international community should urge each side to immediately put an end to measures that appear to be prompting the other to move away from the agreement. They must also begin implementing the agreement, which requires more cooperation between the Houthis (see below). You can read our analysis of the agreement here, but its main elements were a prisoner exchange, a mutual redeployment agreement of Hodeida – the port, the city and its surroundings – and the obligation to discuss de-escalation in another front-line town, Taiz. The Hodeida agreement in particular was vital. A battle around this Red Sea port threatened to cut off a trade route that accounts for 70 percent of key goods shipped into Yemen, and damit pushing the country into famine. April Longley of the International Crisis Group said the deal could be positive, but it was too early to say. Secondly, the UN aimed at normalizing the status quo by facilitating the redeployment of government and Houthi forces in two phases within 21 days, rather than pressuring the Houthis to withdraw from Hodeida and its three ports as per UN Security Council Resolution 2216 (2015). Failing to complete the redeployment of the Joint Forces and Houthi militiamen a year later, contrary to the 21 days provided for by the agreement, the Coordination Committee on Redeployment (RCC) convened more than seven joint meetings and numerous one-sided meetings to discuss the operational aspects of redistribution.